Legal Bites November 2022: Monthly Legal GK Updates

Legal Bites November 2022: Monthly Legal GK Updates

Here are Legal Bites November 2022 monthly GK updates. The notable happenings of the months were related to the ban on the two-finger tests, Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2023, Rajasthan’s First Handicraft Policy, Aadhaar Regulations: Amendment, and so on. We have covered all the happenings in the gist so that it helps the readers to remember all legal and current updates about November 2022 most efficiently and easily.

Key Highlights: Legal Bites November 2022

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Legal Bites November 2022: Monthly Legal Updates

1) Black Sea Grain Initiative withdrawn

On November 1st, The Black Sea Grain Deal, which was established to reduce food inflation brought on by the crisis in Ukraine, was terminated by Russia. An agreement known as the Black Sea Grain Initiative was established between Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, and the UN. It intended to provide a secure route for agricultural grains exported from Ukraine, which is at war with Russia right now.

2) India Exim Bank Report

On November 1st, At the CII-Exim Bank Regional Conclave on India-Southern Africa Growth Partnership, held in Johannesburg, the India Exim Bank presented a study titled “Reinvigorating India’s Economic Engagements with Southern Africa.” India emerged as the top defense exporter in Africa.

3) Two-finger test banned by the Supreme Court

On November 2nd, it was stated that the two-finger test in rape cases should no longer be used, according to a new Supreme Court of India order. It had rendered a similar verdict over ten years prior. A bench composed of Justices DY Chandrachud and Hima Kohli made comments while reversing a Telangana High Court judge’s decision to exonerate a rape suspect.

4) First Women Inspector Generals of CRPF

On November 2nd, Seema Dhundiya and Annie Abraham for the first time became the first female officers to hold the position of Inspector General in the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).

5) Common Income Tax Return Form

On November 2nd, A single income tax return (ITR) form was proposed for all taxpayers. The draft of the proposed form was unveiled recently by the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) to receive public input until December 15.

6) India Infrastructure Project Development Fund Scheme

On November 3rd, Indian government announced the India Infrastructure Project Development Fund Scheme (IIPDF). It offers funds for transaction advisors (TAs) and consultants participating in the development of PPP projects to access services for project sponsoring authorities (both in the national and state governments).

7) Permacrisis – Collins dictionary’s Word of the Year 2022

On November 5th, Collins Dictionary named permacrisis as its “Word of the Year” for 2022. The term “permacrisis,” which was chosen as Britain’s word of the year for 2022, refers to an extended time of unpredictability and unease. In Britain, it spread like wildfire as a result of the unrest brought on by Brexit.

8) Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2023 Toolkit

On November 7th, Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2023 Toolkit was launched at the Technical Session on “Rural WASH Partnerships – the way forward”.

9) Rajasthan’s First Handicraft Policy

On November 7th, The Handicraft Policy 2022 was launched which seeks to harness the full potential of the local handicraft industry and promote new jobs. It will boost investments for the promotion of cultural heritage and revival of traditional arts and crafts.

10) Reconsideration of the 1st Amendment of the Indian Constitution

On November 7th, it was decided that the 1st Amendment of Indian Constitution will be re-considered. The First Amendment to the Indian Constitution, which imposed new limitations on the right to free speech and expression, was challenged, and the Supreme Court of India agreed to look into it. The petitioner argued that the basic structure theory is hurt by this modification.

11) EWS quota of 10% upheld by the Supreme Court

On November 8th, The Supreme Court upheld the 10% quota for individuals from economically disadvantaged sections (EWS) in admissions and government jobs with a 3:2 split decision.

12) Stage 2 of the ‘Transport 4 all’ Challenge

On November 9th, The “Transport 4 All Challenge” Stage-2 was recently announced by the Union Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry. The Union Urban Affairs Ministry has launched the “Transport 4 All Challenge” as a project to improve Indian residents’ mobility.

13) India’s First Sovereign Green Bonds Framework

On November 9th, The Central Government released the framework for the proposed sovereign Green Bond. Green bonds are financial instruments that generate proceeds for investments in environmentally suitable and climate-friendly projects. These instruments have lower capital costs than regular bonds.

14) International Drought Resilience Alliance (IDRA)

On November 9th, During the 27th Conference of Parties (COP27) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the International Drought Resilience Alliance (IDRA) was established (UNFCC). The IDRA was established by Spain and Senegal to encourage collaboration and improve readiness for future droughts.

15) E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2022

On November 12th, The E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2022 were announced by the Indian Government and would take effect the next fiscal year.

16) Global Vaccine Market Report 2022 (WHO)

On November 12th, The World Health Organization published the Global Vaccine Market Report 2022 (WHO).

17) Electoral Bonds Scheme: Amendment

On 12th November, The Indian government modified the electoral bond programme. The Scheme was introduced in 2018 as a substitute for financial contributions to political parties. Financial tools called electoral bonds to allow anyone to give money to political parties.

18) AAdhaar Regulations: Amendment

On November 13th, in accordance with an amendment to the Aadhaar regulations made by the Central Government, cardholders must update pertinent papers that validate their Aadhaar information at least once every ten years.

19) Right to Freedom of Religion: Supreme Court’s Opinion

On November 14, The country’s security, religious freedom, and individuals’ conscience are all impacted, according to the Supreme Court, by false religious conversions. It had requested that the Central Government intervene and make clear what steps it would take to stop forced or deceptive religious conversions.

20) Global Shield Against Climate Risks Initiative

On November 14th, The Vulnerable Twenty (V20) and G7 nations introduced the Global Shield Against Climate Risks programme. The G7 countries represent seven of the most industrialized nations in the world, whereas the V20 countries represent 58 countries that are climate change vulnerable.

21) India’s strategy for ‘long-term low emission’ development

On November 14th, The Union Minister for Environment, Forests, and Climate Change introduced India’s Long-Term Low Emission Development Strategy at COP27.

22) India’s first privately developed rocket: Vikram-S

On November 15th, India launched Vikram-S from the Sriharikota launchpad of the Indian Space Research Organization. India’s first privately developed rocket is the single-stage sub-orbital launch vehicle called Vikram-S.

23) POSOCO to be now known as “Grid Controller of India Limited”

On November 15th, Power System Operation Corporation Limited (POSOCO), India’s national grid operator, was renamed Grid Controller of India Limited.

24) Guidelines by WHO for young and pre-term babies

On November 15th, Guidelines have been established by the World Health Organization to increase the survival of small (under 2.5 kg) and preterm babies (before 37 weeks of pregnancy).

25) OBPPs: A new framework by SEBI for Online Bond Platform Providers (OBPPs)

On November 15th, for the purpose of streamlining the activities of the online bond platform providers (OBPPs), the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) published a regulatory framework.

26) State of the Climate in Asia 2021 Report

On November 15th, The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) published State of the Climate in Asia 2021 during the COP27 in Egypt.

27) Launch of Shakti 4.0 by NCW

On November 16th, The National Commission for Women inaugurated the Digital Shakti Campaign’s fourth phase (NCW). A national programme called “Digital Shakti” was started in 2018 with the goal of digitally empowering women in India.

28) Port State Measures (PSMA) and its new entrants

On November 16th, The Food and Agricultural Organization’s (FAO) Agreement on Port State Measures recently received the support of four African nations (PSMA). With this, there are now 100 people who have signed the PSMA.

29) Karnataka’s policy on Research Development and Innovation

On November 17th, The Bengaluru Tech Summit’s opening session saw the unveiling of the Karnataka Research Development and Innovation Policy (BTS 22).

30) PESA Act to be implemented by Madhya Pradesh

On November 17th, The state of Madhya Pradesh plans to adopt the Panchayat Extension to Scheduled Areas (PESA) Act to stop the exploitation of the tribal populace. On the occasion of Janjatiya Gaurav Divas, the Act’s implementation was formally announced (November 15).

31) Combat of Antimalarial Drug Resistance in Africa by WHO

On November 17th, The World Health Organization revealed a new plan of attack against antimalarial medication resistance in Africa on November 17. During World Antimicrobial Awareness Week, it was introduced

32) World Wildlife Trade Report

On November 17th, At the 19th Conference of Parties to CITES, which is taking place in Panama from November 14 to November 25, the first World Wildlife Trade Report was made public. Since the CITES came into effect in 1975, there have been four conferences of this type held in Central and South America and the Caribbean.

33) UK-India’s scheme for Young Professionals

On November 18th, British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak announced the UK-India Young Professionals Scheme during the G20 Summit in Bali, Indonesia. It will give Indians employment opportunities in the UK for up to two years.

34) Artificial Intelligence and the Global Partnership for its promotion

On November 21st, For 2022–2023, India will serve as chair of the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI).

35) Loss and Damage Fund

On November 21st, The establishment of the “Loss and Damage” Fund to compensate economically vulnerable nations for the harm caused by climate-related disasters was recently agreed upon by the United Nations’ COP27 climate summit.

36) Protection of consumers from fake and deceptive e-commerce reviews

On November 22nd, A framework for establishing rules for posting product reviews on e-commerce websites has been unveiled by the Indian government. The requirements will take effect on November 25.

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37) India’s First Suicide Prevention Policy

On November 22nd, The National Suicide Prevention Strategy, India’s first suicide prevention strategy, was unveiled by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

38) Draft Digital Personal Data Protection Bill 2022

On November 22nd, The new Draft Digital Personal Data Protection Bill, 2022, was published by the Central Government. It is anticipated that it will be introduced in the 2023 budget session of the Indian Parliament.

39) Deloitte Center for Sustainable Progress Report

On November 22nd, Deloitte recently produced research titled “Work toward net zero: The rise of the Green Collar workforce in a just transition.” It is modelled by the Turning Point series from Deloitte. The impact of decarbonization, particularly on livelihoods, is evaluated in the report.

40) Short tenure of CEC’s: Supreme Court’s opinion

On November 23rd, The Central Government has recently been under fire from the Indian Supreme Court over the Chief Election Commissioners’ brief terms in office. The chief election commissioner’s office and election commissioners were being defended against political and governmental influence before the five-judge constitution bench.

41) The Trade pact between India-Australia

On November 23rd, The free trade agreement with India was passed by the Australian Parliament. Such agreements in India need to be approved by the Union Cabinet.

42) FY23 Forecast for India by OECD

On November 23rd, In its most recent economic outlook report, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) recently reduced India’s GDP prediction for the current fiscal year (FY2023) from 6.9 to 6.6%.

43) FTX Cryptocurrency Exchanges and their collapse

On November 24th, One of the biggest cryptocurrency exchanges in the world, The FTX, shut down. Sam Bankman-Fried, the company’s founder, saw his wealth drop from roughly 16 billion USD to nothing in a matter of days when his business sought bankruptcy protection in the US on November 11.

44) Food Safety and Standards (GM Foods) (Draft) Regulations

On November 24th, A new draught of regulations governing genetically modified (GM) foods was recently made available for public comment by the FSSAI. This occurs at a time when the controversy surrounding genetically modified (GM) mustard is in the news.

45) FIRSTAP – India’s First Sticker-based Debit Card

On November 24th, The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) and IDFC First Bank introduced FIRSTAP, the country’s first sticker-based debit card.

46) Draft Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) Bill, 2022

On November 25th, The Union Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry, and Dairy recently made a draught Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Amendment) Bill, 2022, open for general feedback. The Prevention of Cruelty to Animal Act, 1960, is proposed to be revised.

47) World Intellectual Property Indicators 2022

On November 26th, The World Intellectual Property Indicators 2022 were published by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). An authoritative study that offers an overview of activity in the fields of patents, utility models, trademarks, industrial designs, microorganisms, plant variety protection, geographical indications and the creative economy is collectively known as the World Intellectual Property Indicators (WIPI).

48) ISRO Launches Nine Satellites Aboard PSLV-C54

On November 26th, Using the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has been successful in launching nine satellites into various orbits (PSLV-C54).

49) 25th National Conference on e-Governance

On November 26th and 27th, The 25th National Conference on e-Governance was held in Katra – a city in the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It was jointly organized by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG) and the Union Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) in collaboration with the Jammu and Kashmir Government.

50) UNGA Resolution on International Tax Cooperation Framework

On November 28th, A resolution to create a framework or instrument for international tax cooperation based on a UN intergovernmental procedure has been unanimously approved by the UN General Assembly.

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